Survival skills are ways in which a person can live in any environment or environment. These technologies are aimed at satisfying the basic needs of people’s lives, including water, food, and shelter. Skills also support good knowledge and interaction with animals and plants to maintain their livelihood over time. Survival often involves the need to survive in an emergency. Survival skills are often the basic ideas and skills that ancient people have invented and used for many years. Outdoors, such as hiking, backpacking, horse riding, fishing, and hunting, you must gain survival skills in the desert, especially in extreme situations. Bush’s championship and primitive life is usually self-fulfilling, but they need many of the same skills
A Wilderness or wildland is a natural environment on Earth, whose human activity has not been sufficiently changed. It can also be defined as “the most unchanged, non-infective nature reserves on our planet – the latter really wanted to have places that people do not control and which do not have roads, pipelines or other industrial infrastructure”. traditionally means a terrestrial environment, although more attention is paid to marine fauna. The latest wildcard maps show that it covers about a quarter of the Earth’s surface, but human activity is fast. Even less wildlife remains in the ocean, and only 13.2% is inactive human activity.
Some governments ha4066ve established them on the basis of laws or administrative acts, mainly local ones, which are largely unsuitable for human activities. Their most important feature is that the motorized human activity is very limited. These measures are designed to not only protect the present but also promote and promote natural expression and development. Dead ends can be found in protected areas, nature reserves, state forests, national parks, and even in urban areas in rivers, ruins or other undeveloped areas. These areas are considered important for some types of survival, biodiversity, ecological research, conservation, maintenance, and recreation. The desert is highly valued for cultural, spiritual, moral and aesthetic reasons. Some naturalists believe that nature reserves are essential for human reason and creativity. They can also preserve historic genetic traits and provide habitats of wild fauna and flora, which can be difficult to reproduce in zoos, arboretums or laboratories.
1. History :
1.1 Ancient times and Middle Ages :
The approach to visual arts, nature and nature was an important topic at different periods in world history. Tang Dynasty (618-907) The early tradition of landscape art was held. From the presentation of nature, because it is a tradition, it has become one of the aims of Chinese painting and influenced the superiority of Asian art. The performer got to know the tradition of Shan Shui (picture in the image of mountain water), “the outline of the show of nature as a whole and their understanding of the laws of nature … as if they were the eyes of a bird”. Mountains and rivers 13 and Shih Erh Chi recommended uneven scenes that did not have access to nature ”
In almost the entire history of mankind, most reliefs in the desert and people have focused on remote areas. The first known laws of nature protection are the Babylonian Empire and the Chinese empire. Ashoka, the great king of Mauryan, to define the first laws in the world to protect the flora and fauna of Ashoka editions throughout the third century BC. In the Middle Ages, England, the king initiated one of the first conscious efforts in the world to protect nature reserves. The desire to hunt for wild animals in private hunting grounds did not want to protect the wild. Let us hunt animals, they must protect animals against their own use, to hunt, and the country against villagers who collect firewood.  Similar measures have been implemented in other European countries.
19th century to present :
The Western World of the Nineteenth Century There was a special value in the desert. British writers John Constable and J. W. Turner paid attention to the beauty of their picturesque nature. In the past, the paintings were mainly religious or people. William Wordsworth’s poetry describes the miracle of nature, which was once a dangerous place. Increasingly, the assessment. First aid has become part of Western culture.
By 19th century In the middle of Germany, “scientific protection”, as it is called, said, “about the effective use of natural resources through science and technology”. German-based concepts of forest management were used in other parts of the world, but to varying degrees . XIX century The desert was not considered a place where you can be afraid, but as a place where you can enjoy and shoot, and so in the nineteenth century. The other half of the conservation movement. The rivers were flooded, and the mountains were abolished only for recreation and not for determining their geographical context.
After intensive lobbying of artists (artists) in 1861, the State Forest in Fontainebleau, the French military agency “Waters and Forests” created an “artistic reserve”. This is the first World Nature Reserve with a total area of 1097 hectares.
First aid :
First aid (wilderness first aid in particular) can help a person survive and function with injuries and illnesses that would otherwise kill or incapacitate him/her. Common and dangerous injuries include:
- Bone fracturesBurns
- A headache
- Heart attack
- Hemorrhage 850
- Hypothermia (too cold) and hyperthermia (too hot)
- Infection through food, animal contact, or drinking non-potable water
- Poisoning from consumption of, or contact with, poisonous plants or poisonous fungi
- Sprains, particularly of the ankle
- Wounds, which may become infected
The survivor may need to apply the contents of a first aid kit or, if possessing the required knowledge, naturally occurring medicinal plants, immobilize injured limbs, or even transport incapacitated comrades.
The hiding place may extend from a natural hideout, such as a cave, a hanging rock shelf or a fallen tree, to an intermediate form of artificial shelters, such as debris. A person can survive on average three or five days without consuming water. Problems due to water demand mean that unnecessary water loss due to perspiration in survival situations is avoided. The demand for water increases with training.
A typical person loses in normal conditions at least two to a maximum of four liters of water a day, and more often in hot, dry or cold weather. Usually, four to six liters of water or other liquids are needed in the desert to prevent dehydration and allow the body to function properly. The US Army survival manual only recommends drinking water when it is thirsty because it leads to inefficiency. Instead, the water should be drunk regularly. Other groups recommend rationing water through “water discipline”.
Lack of water causes dehydration, which can lead to lethargy, headaches, dizziness, disorientation and ultimately death. Even mild dehydration diminishes endurance and destroys concentration, which is dangerous in a situation of survival in which it is necessary to think clearly. Dark yellow or brown urine is a diagnostic indicator of dehydration. To prevent dehydration, drinking water supply is usually the highest priority and precautions are taken to make the water as safe as possible: a hut, grotto or snow grotto, completely built by men, such as tarpaulins, tents or long hairs …
Refreshing fire in the sources is considered an important improvement in the survival of the body and mind. Light a fire, for example without lighter or overlapping. The use of natural stone and steel with tinder is a common theme in both survival and survival books. Before going to the desert, it is important to develop fire. A fire in the production of unfavorable conditions has helped install the tool, such as fire and sparks, a lighter piston.
To cause a fire, you need a heat source that is warm enough to cause a fire and burn wood and wood. The release of fire is actually a formation of a flame without interrupting it.
The fire release method means that if possible, a spoon is used. This technique requires good security weapons to prevent injury or death. The techniques include a cotton or cotton barrier around the gun while the fabric is in the front of the powder. Then shoot the gun in safe directions, release, take off the cloth from the cylinder and hit the fire. It’s better if your knife is in your hand to put the fabric in the fire.
A person can last an average of three to five days without water consumption. Problems arising from water must prevent unnecessary loss of water due to sweating. During the training, the demand for water increases.
A typical person, under normal conditions, loses at least two to a maximum of four liters of water a day and more in hot, dry or cold weather. In the desert, four to six liters of water or other fluids that are usually required to prevent dehydration and allow the body to function properly. Survival Guide The US Army recommends drinking only when it is thirsty because it leads to Unterhydratation. Instead, drink water regularly. Other groups recommend watering through “water discipline”.
Water deficiency causes dehydration, which can cause drowsiness, headache, dizziness, disorientation and eventually death. Even light dehydration reduces the concentration of endurance and damage, which is a dangerous situation of survival when it is necessary to think clearly. Dark yellow or brown urine is a diagnostic indicator of dehydration. To prevent dehydration, the location of drinking water is usually very important and it is expected that this water will be as safe as possible.
Culinary root tubers, fruits, edible mushrooms, nuts, edible beans, edible grains or edible leaves Moss cacti and algae can be harvested and prepared (usually during cooking). With leaves, with the exception of these foods, it contains relatively many calories that give the body energy. Plants are some food sources found in Liechtenstein in the jungle, in the woods or in the desert, because they do not move and therefore can be without much difficulty. Skills and equipment (such as bows, traps, and nets) necessary for collecting wild animal fodder, including collecting animals, hunting and fishing.
When food is boiled hardened packaging materials (eg Keptaose beans), chemicals can leach from the plates.
Scouts in America try to pay attention to survival when they saved potential seekers, but they argue, especially in the case of deer hunting, because it is unlikely that knowledge and skills in natural survival. and the risk (including energy consumption) outweighs the benefits.
Conservation and preservation in 20th century United States :
The movement of the US environment in the 20th century Initially, two different groups, ecologists and conservatives were formed. The first environmental consensus was divided into “utilitarian ecologists”, then ecologists and “aestheticists” or caregivers. The first key spokesperson was Gifford Pinchot, the first manager of the United States Forests, who focused on the right use of nature, while conservatives tried to protect nature from exploitation. In other words, maintenance tried to regulate the use of people, while at the same time trying to eliminate any effects on people. The management of public land in the US in the 1960s and 1970s reflects this double vision, while ecologists who dominate in forestry and conservative people in park services.
Some of these naturalistic writers criticized the concept of American nature. For example, William Cronon as writes that what is called desert ethics or worship can “teach or even refuse to respect such humble places Crononnd experiences” and that “nature tends to embrace some of the natural elements. at the expense of others, “such” powerful Canyon, inspiring more than a simple swamp. ” It is obvious from the fact that almost all American national parks are saved fascinating ruins and mountains, and only in 1940. Swamp has become a national park – Everglades Protecting biodiversity is not just an attractive landscape.
Kronos also believes that the passion to save the forest “poses a serious threat to proper ecological awareness” and writes that people have the right to “give us permission to avoid responsibility for life” in which we live … to the extent we live in an urban environment – industrial civilization and pretend to be your real home in the wild. ”
International Movement :
The international jungle movement is at the forefront of the WILD foundation, its founder, Ian Player and their networks of sister and partner organizations around the world. 1977 The World Desert Congress, which began with the definition of a concept in a biological and social context, introduced the concept of the desert as a topic of international interest. Currently, this work continues in many international groups that are still using the World Desert Congress as an international site devoted to the desert and the WILD Foundation for Wildlife Tools and Actions Network. The WILD Foundation also publishes standard references for wild fauna and flora as well as other specialists: wildlife management: resource and value management, conservation, international wildlife logbook, international wildlife guidelines, conservation and protection of nature, and wildlife in local areas. the basis of information and management tools for international natural problems.
A good posture is important not only for mental well-being but also helps in promoting the immune system. So do everything to fall asleep and be positive. Try to sing or just laugh loudly. False laughter almost always leads to reality. If you know an interesting or worse aggressive predator, such as a bear, puma or wolf, stay away and do not touch. Play as a deadly attack. Make noise for dogs or cats, throw stones, use skeletons of size and aggression, usually warn but do not look. When everything goes south, scan the ball, keep your face and pray.